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What are the different types of construction projects?

A construction project is as a series of interrelated construction tasks which are undertaken in a systematic order over a temporary timeframe.  It results in the completion of the project and the creation of a tangible product or outcome.

The type of processes involved in a construction project are things like constructing, refurbishing and/or the renovation of a building, structure, or infrastructure. The construction industry can be segmented into two general components: general building construction and engineered construction which each includes more construction-specific segments that you can see in the figure below. 

, What are the different types of construction projects?

There are three types of construction project:

  • a public project
  • a private project
  • a public private partnership.

Public Project

A public project is a project which is predominantly funded by a government body and will be maintained/operated by the government when in service. In public construction projects this can include major infrastructure such as highways, bridges and railways etc. or public institutions such as hospitals, schools and prisons.

, What are the different types of construction projects?

Public projects are funded by tax revenue and therefore involve more rigorous bidding and contract award processes than other types of construction projects. Bids submitted for public projects usually must meet specific requirements based on cost, quality and project-specific impact. Project impact can relate to climate change impact, local employment in the construction project or other social and environmental impacts as a result of the construction project. Usually, public construction projects comprise a lengthy public and stakeholder consultation process throughout all stages of the project. This exposes the project to public scrutiny and assessment. 

Private Project

Unlike public construction projects, private construction projects are commissioned, funded or controlled by a private entity such as individual developers, private corporations or charities rather than governmental or publicly funded organisations.

, What are the different types of construction projects?
Scene of building construction site illustration

You can find out more about the difference in this video.

Public Private Partnership

A Public Private Partnership (PPP) involves a construction project which has been commissioned, financed or controlled by both a public and private entity. Such Public Private Partnerships involve a unique partnership between the public and private organisation to complete the construction of a specific project.

, What are the different types of construction projects?

You can see an outline of a PPP in construction here.

If you work in construction it is likely that you might be involved in all three of these types of projects, so it is important to know what they are and what types of buildings are covered in each.

We’ll also be covering the different types of construction projects, the people involved and documentation needed in other posts if want to dive deeper.

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